Maryland’s emergency vehicle light state statutes clearly define what vehicles are considered emergency vehicles and what color warning lights can be used by different sectors. To help Maryland customers make the best decisions for their fleets, we have gathered the state’s statutes with links to formal sources.
Maryland Emergency Vehicles Defined
Under Maryland state statute 11-118, an emergency vehicle is any vehicle driven by local, state, or federal law enforcement. The statute also extends to vehicles driven by Department of Corrections, State HazMat vehicles, and ambulances. The language of the law also leaves room for some special vehicles to be designated emergency vehicles and therefore eligible to use warning lights and/or sirens.
Maryland Police Use Blue, Red, and White Warning Lights
Police in Maryland are allowed to use blue, red, and white warning lighting under statute 22-218. This state statute provides Maryland police with a variety of options including the ability to use flashing blue, red, or white visor, light bars, or surface mount LEDs.
The same statute that allows police to use emergency lights also covers ambulances. According to the statute, Maryland ambulances are allowed to use flashing red lights. The language of this law allows the statute to extend to both publicly and privately owned rigs.
Maryland Fire Trucks are Allowed to Use Red/White Warning Lights
Under statute 22-218, fire trucks in Maryland are permitted to use red and white lights.
Maryland Pilot Vehicle Regulations
Maryland regulations require a pilot vehicle to use at least 1 yellow/amber rotating or oscillating light when the vehicle is traveling 20 MPH less than the posted speed limit. The amber warning light must be at least 3" in diameter and be visible from the rear and front of the vehicle.
For more information about what lights may be available to you, we suggest calling your State Highway Patrol office at: 410-761-5130
*Please note that these numbers are what we are currently able to find and the numbers may have changed since this listing.